||03-24-2012 03:23 AM
Originally Posted by retablo
Yes, as "story by"... technically, yes, [Lucas is] the creator, but he didn't do any of the actual physical writing.
I'm just saying a "story by" credit doesn't mean he put "pen to paper", as you mentioned earlier. The actual writer does that.
If [the credits] were the same, then the WGA wouldn't split the credit into "story by" and "written by".
I just want to point out that there is a lot of misunderstanding here... both about what Lucas contributed as a writer and how the WGA determines credits.
In the case of RAIDERS, Lucas did
put "pen to paper." He wrote a 19 page story treatment dated January 25, 1978 -- that's 3 days into the famous 5-day long Lucas/Spielberg/Kasdan Raiders story conference. There are images of the first 2 pages of this document in the book, The Complete Making of Indiana Jones.
The WGA considers this writing -- and for good reason. Here is how the "Story by" screen credit is defined by the WGA:
The term “story” means all writing covered by the provisions of the
Minimum Basic Agreement representing a contribution “distinct from
screenplay and consisting of basic narrative, idea, theme or outline indi-
cating character development and action.”
It is appropriate to award a “Story by” credit when: 1) the story was writ-
ten under employment under Guild jurisdiction; 2) the story was pur-
chased by a signatory company from a professional writer, as defined in
the Minimum Basic Agreement; or 3) when the screenplay is based upon
a sequel story written under the Guild’s jurisdiction. If the story is based
upon source material of a story nature, see “screen story” below.
Here is the full manual: http://www.wga.org/uploadedFiles/wri...s_manual10.pdf
In the link above, you'll note that the "Written by" credit is only used when the writer (or writers) have written both the story and the screenplay. But in the case of RAIDERS, it is "Story by George Lucas and Philip Kaufman" and "Screenplay by Lawrence Kasdan." There is no "Written by" credit on the film.
In the 1983 book Skywalking: The Life and Films of George Lucas
, the author Dale Pollock writes, "Kasdan wrote Raiders in six months, reshaping the story, fleshing out the characters, and giving them snappy dialogue. Lucas acknowledges that Raiders is one-third his movie, one-third Spielberg's, and one-third Kasdan's."
Apparently, as the film was being made, Lucas offered Philip Kaufman profit participation in gratitude for contributing the Ark concept that the film revolves around. After initially accepting the offer, Kaufman's people then asked for more: shared story credit with Lucas. Lucas was reluctant to acquiesce because doing so would entitle Kaufman to "based on characters created by" credit on Indiana Jones sequels. But in the end, Kaufman apparently won out (possibly via a WGA guild arbitration) and received a "Story by" credit.